The Brain That Changes Itself: Memory, Learning & Neuroplasticity
January 29, 2014 § Leave a comment
Design Practice In Context 2 Lecture 29/01/14
Our understanding of cognition is that it physically changes in response to learning. If we understand how the brain works it can help us move forward in our creative endeavours. We are born with an ability to do certain things and that is fixed, immutable and hard wired.
There are areas of the brain that have a specific function, should those areas get damaged then specific areas of the nervous system or sensory elements (ie vision, speech) get damaged as well. Recent discoveries show our brains ‘re-wire’ themselves due to everyday learning experiences.
This new understanding of the plasticity of the brain came from Neuroscientist Paul Bach-y-rita, an American neuroscientist who specialised in neuro-plasticity. He argued that the brain could undergo major re-organisation throughout our lives. This was due to experiments he did on his father who had a stroke and lost the use of his limbs, but through constant repetition of physical and mental exercise was able to get by on his own again.